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Many clients, engineering students, gardeners and architects are becoming interested in how to build a vertical garden. There are different techniques for building vertical gardens step by step, but to ensure the proper implementation and construction of them, it is first necessary to know each precise element of installation as well as every potential problem that could occur.

At Paisajismo Urbano, we always advise against systems based on panels, geonets, or flowerpots set on top of one another as the final result looks very artificial, especially considering that naturalness is an essential factor here. However, the creation of them will become a simple enough task after learning some basic information, and a certain amount of trial and error.

Thanks to the patented construction system for vertical ecosystems developed by Ignacio Solano, our gardens will be built in the most natural way possible – and guaranteed to last.

How to make a vertical garden step by step
The success of our projects is based on its plants’ natural capacity to survive whilst suspended in the air. For this reason, plants are not at all difficult to find. Factors to consider in its construction are:

1. A vertical garden is an architectural gardening system based on the control of nutrients, bacteria and mycorrhizal fungi, and on the interspecific symbiosis of plant selection. Knowing the plants to be used in its construction and understanding the interactions that will take place between the different species is a fundamental requirement for success.

2. It is very important to control and study the substrate, environmental conditions and physical-chemical characteristics of the medium. Other factors such as light, temperature and humidity can only be controlled to a certain extent in interior vertical-gardens. For the construction of exterior vertical-gardens, it will be necessary to adapt to the area’s environmental conditions and plant species.

3. Part of the secret of how to make vertical-gardens is to monitor and control any imbalances that may occur, such as pH, water conductivity, dissolved gasses or salinity, as well as texture, porosity and substrate depth. Such chemical and edaphic factors are controlled by sensors that notify us of any imbalances that may occur.

4. Lastly, plants must be selected carefully, as vertical ecosystems require an association between species seeking mutalisms and interaction between all the plants, bacteria and fungi involved, from which all of them benefit.

When it comes to building them, it is necessary to analyse the way in which the plants making up our garden find a mechanical support that will offer them optimum survival conditions and proper nutrition. This will ensure that they are able to live in this stressful position and not only flourish but also look better than those living on the ground.

Vertical gardens, a gift from nature
Vertical gardens exist inherently in nature itself, given that plants flourish perfectly well on ravines and cliffs provided that they enjoy the optimum conditions. The construction of these seeks to emulate this natural capacity, hence the need for a comprehensive knowledge of botany, engineering and hydroponics, which like all science or art requires years of experience, testing and trial and error until you find the key. At Paisajismo Urbano, we are happy to share the know-how we have accumulated over more than ten years in its developing, so that you can gain the relevantnecessary knowledge in a short space of time.